Voodoo fetisj. Fon. Benin. VERKOCHT. Voodoo Legba. Kosmische boodschapper, wiens driften gereguleerd moeten worden om de communicatie tussen mensen en goden goed te laten verlopen. Met duidelijke sporen van offermaterialen. Fon. Benin. H. 12 cm. Code 509. Voodoo fetisj. Deze rituele bezem verwijst naar Sakpata Vodun van de aarde. Fon. Benin. H. 75 cm. Code 510. Voodoo
Voodoo   is   the   age-old   West   African   belief   in   a   magic   field   of force    that    rules    our    earthly    existence.    A    world    in    which fetishes,   ritual   pots   en   figures   made   out   of   clay   can   attract gods,   goddesses,   ancestors   and   spirits. Also   a   world   in   which the   Voodoo-gods   have   to   be   fed   offerings   so   that   they   will   not land   people   in   disaster,   and   in   which   figures   charged   with powers can liberate an individual from a hopeless situation. With   no   exact   definition,   a   fetish   is   usually   a   manufactured object   that   is   entered   by   spirits   or   impersonal   powers   after   the appropriate   rituals.   The   European   concept   of   fetishism   (belied in   fetishes)   dates   largely   from   the   19th   century,   when   the ethnology   of   religion   regarded   fetishism   as   the   precursor   of religion.     Most     fetishes     are     collections     of     energy-given substances,    often    including    certain    stones,    horns,    claws, teeth,   bones,   nails,   keys,   whistles,   hair,   locks,   animal   skin   and so   on,   but   also   dirt   and   other   similar   'unclean'   but   effective things. In   Togo   and   Benin   the   pottery   which   is   made   for   the   purpose of    Voodoo-rituals    is    called    Wen-Zen,    meaning    pots    with    a message.   It   can   be   recognized   by   a   variety   of   decorations such   as   holes,   studs,   projections,   animal   patterns   en   human figures. A   lot   of   this   fetish   pottery   shows   -   apart   from   residues from   offerings   (alcohol,   herbs   and   food)   -   also   traces   of   white, red    and    blue    pigment    and    bits    of    coloured    textile.    Some patterns en colours distinctly refer to a specific Voodoo-god. The   power   of   fetishes   can   be   activated   through   sacrifices   and are   magically   used   for   protection,   causing   harm,   or   increasing wealth   or   fertility.   Particularly   well   known   are   the   fetishes   of the    Aja,    Ewe    and    the    Fon    in    Togo    and    Benin    (the    local population   refers   to   an   inanimate   object   like   a   magic   bottle   as Bo, and a humanlike figure as Bochio). Greatly    simplifying,    Voodoo-gods    can    be    grouped    into    3 pantheons:   the   pantheon   of   the   heavens,   the   pantheon   of   the earth   and   the   pantheon   of   thunder.   Each   pantheon   has   its own   gods   and   goddesses,   who   cover,   as   it   were,   all   aspects and possible experiences of human life. A   Bochio   figure   is   always   made   of   wood.   In   some   cases   an unadorned   figure   is   already   'fit   for   use'.   However,   most   bochio figures   are   truly   complete   when   materials   have   been   added   to the   wooden   figure:   string,   pieces   of   cloth,   calabashes,   horns, animal   skulls,   iron   objects,   wooden   or   iron   pins,   and   cowry shells. The   'right'   combination   of   materials   gives   the   figure   the   power to   keep   a   certain   evil   at   bay.   The   materials   are   attached   in   a well-defined   ritual   accompanied   by   chanting   and   libations   of blood   and   alcohol.   Only   after   the   figure   has   been   saturated with    power    in    this    way    can    it    hold    the    energy    of    gods, ancestors and spirits and allow it to work. The   massive   clay   figures   in   Togo   and   Benin   represent   Legba, the   cosmic   messenger   between   the   gods   and   humans.   His passion     must     be     tempered     in     order     to     ensure     good communication   between   gods   and   human.   Characteristic   of the   clay   figures   is   de   somewhat   rough   finish.   One   explanation for   this   primitive   appearance   is   the   lack   of   ovens.   In   many places   in   Togo   and   Benin   clay   is   baked   in   open   fires   at   low temperatures.
Voodoo fetish from Togo en Benin
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Voodoo Bochio. De juiste combinatie van allerhande materialen geeft het beeld de kracht die het nodig heeft om een bepaald onheil af te wenden. Fon. Benin. H. 80 cm. Code 500. Voodoo fetisj. Bol van aarde die in bomen werd gehangen. Fon. Benin. Diameter 24 cm. Code 511. Voodoo Reliekhouder. Verwijst naar Ganbada die wordt bijgestaan door Shango en Kegba. Fon. Benin. H. 32 cm. Code 504. Voodoo Egungun. Dit danskostuum (La Belle) dateert uit de jaren zestig en is talloze keren ‘gedanst’. Fon Benin. H. 175 cm. Code 506. Voodoo Bo. Magische fles. Fon. Benin. H. 40 cm. Code 502. Voodoo altaar. Voorouderaltaar gewijd aan Dan Aido Hwedo de regenboogslang en Vodun van de kosmos. Fon. Benin. H. 143 cm. Code 505. Voodoo Bochio. De juiste combinatie van allerhande materialen geeft het beeld de kracht die het nodig heeft om een bepaald onheil af te wenden. Ewe. Togo. H. 48 cm. Code 501. Voodoo Bo. Magische fles. Fon. Benin. H. 32 cm. Code 503. Voodoo Bochio. Fon. Benin. VERKOCHT. Voodoo Legba. Kosmische boodschapper, wiens driften gereguleerd moeten worden om de communicatie tussen mensen en goden goed te laten verlopen. Massief klei. Fon. Benin. H. 26 cm. Code 507. Voodoo Legba. Kosmische boodschapper, wiens driften gereguleerd moeten worden om de communicatie tussen mensen en goden goed te laten verlopen. Diverse materialen. Fon. Benin. H. 12 cm. Code 508.